Water is vitality, water is life; it is the necessary and the essential source of all known forms of lives. We have chosen the fertile waterfronts to settle. While learning to produce, our battle to overrule the water which is forming our lives has been a significant factor in the rise of civilizations. Big rivers such as Nile, Tigris, Euphrates, Amu Darya (Oxus) have been the lead actors of the human history. Just like Yesilirmak River.
Since nearly 7500 years, the
fertility is flowing in the riverbed of Yesilirmak. The ones lived through Yesilirmak's fertility once upon a time called it "Iris". "Iris" is the layer giving its color to our eyes. The goddess of rainbow in the Greek mythology... The goddess with wings reflecting the colors of rainbow, carrying the messages of the gods to the people and so connecting the sky with the earth... She is also nourished by the rain, the snow and provides the water, essential for the persistence of life. With that water, civilizations are being established since centuries.
With that water, the fields refresh. That water becomes the bread, the wine, the city, the flower, the apple, the fish, and the love. In other words life is reviving every time.
Yesilirmak River Basin is a geography living with what it has saved since the Chalcolithic Period (5500 -3000 BC). When you try to study its history, you meet, even a little mystifyingly, many civilizations born with its water, with its land. You get charmed by the stories of the traces of some of these civilizations. Realizing the richness you are standing at, you would both get excited and yearn to know more. Just learning wouldn't be enough, you would want to see and touch those traces.
Yesilirmak, with the length of 519 km, is the second longest river in Turkey. Yesilirmak, springs in the booms of Kösedag in north of Sivas, uniting with several rivers, flows at Çarsamba into the Black Sea. Kelkit River brook is its biggest tributary. The alluvial deposit carried by Yesilirmak together with its tributaries, form Çarsamba plain. Yesilirmak, with the Almus, Hasan Ugurlu and Suat Ugurlu Dams built on it, has enriched the flora and fauna
on the lands it passes through. This guide, including a significant part of the Yesilirmak River Basin and providing route maps, which can help you to explore, is consisting of the cities Amasya, Çorum, Samsun and Tokat, that are the members of Yesilirmak Basin Development Union.